Sunday, August 23, 2020
3 Steps to Acing Your Upcoming Group Interview YouÃ¢â¬â¢ve been approached in for a board meet. Perhaps youÃ¢â¬â¢re threatened. Perhaps frightened. Possibly youÃ¢â¬â¢re not even sure you comprehend what that really involves. Whatever your degree of fear, here are three simple strides to traversing your board meet tranquilly and in one piece. Stage 1: BEFOREYou reserve the privilege to ask who will be on your board. Do this. At that point inquire about each board part as well as could be expected. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll have the option to make sense of a considerable amount and get ready better for what each may be generally quick to ask you. What does this specific gathering of individuals educate you regarding what the organization is attempting to assess?You can likewise ask to what extent (generally) the meeting should last. This will give you a nice sentiment for what amount to and fro conversation will be conceivable, how much space youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be given to pose inquiries, to what extent your answers can be, etc.Step 2: DURING Treat every individual on the board like an individual not simply one more anonymous face. This isn't an indifferent divider asking you inquiries. Every questioner on your board is another chance to make a human association and persuade that a lot more individuals in the organization what an extraordinary fit you would be.Be sure to observe everybodyÃ¢â¬â¢s name as they are presented. Record every one if that causes you recall. When responding to questions, talk straightforwardly to the person who asked, yet then attempt to widen your answer out to cause the remainder of the board to feel remembered for the discussion.Step 3: AFTERYouÃ¢â¬â¢ve took in their names and put forth an attempt to interface with each board part presently thank every single one of them earnestly withÃ¢ solid eye to eye connection and a quality handshake. From that point forward, itÃ¢â¬â¢s the typical post-meet follow-up methodology. Be that as it may, recall that you have to keep in touch with one card to say thanks for each board part. It appears to be a torment, however itÃ¢â¬â¢s these little contacts that will help set you apart.The board talk with: 6 hints for previously, during, and after
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Recording papers Multi-track recording isnt something new that accompanied advanced innovation, however the computerized unrest has taken this account procedure to an unheard of level. Since a multi-followed recording that has been spared onto a PC plate is just a PC document, it can without much of a stretch be traveled through the Internet to numerous areas. The greatest bit of leeway is that a performer can now truly email his incomplete account to another artist. At that point the other artist can set out another track onto the first account and afterward email it back to the first person. Fundamentally, the chronicle can be made each track in turn without the performers ever leaving their homes. This isnt viable for enormous chronicle stars, yet for little performers it very well may be an extraordinary instrument for making and recording their own tunes. PC based accounts development in the music world has brought the expense of recording music down to a point where about each performer can bear to make his own quality melodic chronicles. In the beginning of simple account up until the mid 1990s, barely anybody without a tremendous record bargain had the option to make quality chronicles of their own music. Be that as it may, tape-based simple recorders started to get old, simple 4-track recorders started to go down in cost to where even the lowliest performer could manage the cost of them. This was obviously due to the expanded nearness of accessible advanced hardware, which was at the time still over the top expensive. Expenses for computerized recording hardware immediately started to go down too. In 1991, Alesis presented an ADAT machine (Advanced Digital Audio Tape) that gave eight tracks of computerized recording capacity for just $3995.00. One can presently buy a sixteen-track computerized recorder with its own implicit hard drive for around $1500.00. On account of this advanced upheaval in recording, individuals could now have their material in the city for less cash and time. Th... <!
Friday, August 21, 2020
Social Absolutism Essay, Research Paper Take Me Out to the Ballgame? I anticipated the twenty-four hours before the enormous game in anxious apprehensiveness. Would the Red Sox have the option to skip from a 0-2 arrangement lack and progress to go up against the Northerners? They had just dominated two sequential matches and leveled the arrangement at 2-2. The accompanying game would be the slam or perish situation. I stunningly wearing the entirety of my Red Sox dress ( even the fortunate rosy socks ) and arranged for a fortifying game. Mike from the third floor came down to the principal floor couch to watch the enormous game. Bing from Cleveland, Mike was highlighting the entirety of his Indians dress. For the accompanying the 3 hours Mike would be my most bitter adversary. Mike was the Antichrist. We would revile at one another, heave rockets at one another, and perchance even have a by and large commotion if things gained out of power. In the underside of the second edge, the Indians got 2 hits, which brought forth a frightful response from mouthpiece. He sprung from his place, weaponries ignoring about, and started to make a counterfeit Indian move in forepart of me. # 8220 ; Sit your cockamamie ass down, # 8221 ; I likely hollered. At that point he started to make the ax slash to his fabulously clich? 500 rendering of an Indian serenade, # 8220 ; Ohhhh goodness gracious goodness Ohhhh goodness gracious. # 8221 ; I gazed toward Mike # 8217 ; s cap. The Cleveland Indian logo foolishly gazed down at me. The mascot of the Cleveland sustains a generalized picture of Native Americans as a brute being restrained by pioneers. Baseball, an American foundation, is blameworthy of gross trip bigotry. This unmitigatedly supremacist image must hit a furious harmony with current Native Americans, whose past floods with representations of social abuse. On the chapeau of every member, an Indian with proud reddish face and idiotic joyful grin shows up in a look of triumphing celebration. All his facial qualities are misrepresented, and an erect crest remains over his caput like a horse feed bean sprout. On the off chance that it was up to me, I # 8217 ; nutrient Ds state scalp the chief of baseball for leting such a flagitious image of social prejudice to sprout and effect the hoards on broadcasting. How have the Cleveland Indians had the option to secure off with such a socially take bringing down mascot without a significant open call? Our social oppression alongside our naivete topographic focu ses Native Americans on subhuman carnal degree and feeds our oblivious impression that the logo is innocuous. The greater part of Americans design social oppression. Social oppression, the tendency of people to consider their to be as predominant, instilled itself into the American way of life before Columbus landed. Americans have an overall notoriety as chesty, naive, dimwitted cowpuncher. What's more, these generalizations are completely legitimized by past outlines of social abattoirs. I, as an American, can recognize our tendency to control others in the administration of disseminating the # 8220 ; predominant # 8221 ; way of life. Local American individuals, misjudged to this twenty-four hours, have been streamlined to this uncovered, quill luging, ruby, doltishly savage sub-human creature. ( Notice that I utilize Native Americans, instead of Indians as Cleveland # 8217 ; s crew so calmly names them. Naming Native Americans Indians is exposing to Columbus # 8217 ; blooper, and would do me considerably more naive than I am as of now. ) They serenade, move and love strange divinities ; by one way or another they are underneath Westerners on the transformative connection. We have no setting to pass judgment on their development aside from our ain, which is superbly the ordinary, noble one. Game crews are regularly begat with names of savage, or fierce intensions, brutal enliven creatures vanquished by white pioneers. The Cleveland Logo speaks to this overwhelmed wild quicken being. It exists for a similar ground a happiness huntsman puts some hapless lewd # 8217 ; s caput on the divider as a trophy. The Cleveland Indian states the American cowpuncher # 8217 ; s social oppression. One would envision the politically right 90s to dispose of such a stunningly bursting occurrence of regulated standard bigotry. Is custom land for leting this Logo to have supported standard going to executing unsafe social generalizations? I # 8217 ; m sure the MLB affiliation would state yes! Be that as it may, what do you state? To comprehend what # 8217 ; s off base with the Logo, permit # 8217 ; s measure outside our social situations to make some every piece socially violative crews: How about the Boston Negro Boys, the Penny Pinching Baltimore Jews, The Springfield Spanish Spics, The Williamstown Whities, or Georgia # 8217 ; s winging Gooks. Those crews sound sensibly silly and arousing. Be that as it may, would they say they are any progressively crazy and violative so the Cleveland Indian # 8217 ; s logo? Damnation no! Naivete expect that the Cleveland Indians logo is innocuous. Through youth rounds of Cowboys and Indians, sketch word pictures, movies, and Sons like that of the Cleveland Indians, socialization drives us to unknowingly acknowledge these pictures. We capitulate to naivety on the off chance that we acknowledge these unsound impressions, socially took care of into encephalons, at face esteem. Close your eyes. Attempt and disregard off the entirety of your social biases. Have you ever been cowardly characterized or deprecated? Of class you have. It irritated you, didn # 8217 ; t it? Keep you eyes shut. You are a Native American, glad for your legacy, frequented by your days gone by. Open your eyes, and look down at the Cleveland Indians logo. A disgraceful generalized impersonation that affronts you, your ascendants, and your kin remains before you. I guess we can neer comprehend the enmity that this picture evokes, yet we have to improve of our naivete and get down to recognize it as harming. For what reason does this socially disheartening picture despite everything be, and non our representations of other socially debasing crews? Where is the outrage? Indians do non hold the kind of political portrayal to battle the logo. Left in their privy stores, Indians have become ancient rarities, a kind of nexus to a past grown-up male. The biased impressions about Indians invade in the head of everybody who played cowpuncher and Indians as a child. The logo and Indian generalizations have become such regulated images that they are like crusty fruit-filled treat. Local Americans have been tormented long bounty. The national baseball ball affiliation, those fans who do the Tomahawk slash, and you Mike are blameworthy of social prejudice. Applying development relativism is hard. Behind the grinning of the evidently innocuous Cleveland Indian logo conceals another representation of American social oppression. Is it accurate to say that you are unwittingly being a racialist? Wear # 8217 ; t be tricked! Also, by the way Mike, who wound up dominating the match? 32d
Huge Data and eBusiness Relevance Nowadays, more individuals become acquainted with the term Big Data and attempt to comprehend its substance and utilize it to profit in the picked exercises. As indicated by Yin, Jiang, Lin, Luo, and Liu (2014), Big Data makes it conceivable to open another period of science and human capacities to find it through information driven computing.Ã Many researchers and specialists offer their thoughts on the best way to build up the Big Data worldview and why individuals need give more consideration to this concept.Advertising We will compose a custom report test on Online Business Issues explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More For instance, Jao (2014), the CEO of one of the maintenance robotization stage for eCommerce, concedes that Big Data is useful from an assortment of viewpoints: it assists with improving business, pick the best publicizing, settle on the promoting systems, control client maintenance, and so on. It is difficult to e nvision the universe of eBusiness, and eCommerce specifically, without Big Data. Its effect stays to be immense, and the accompanying models can demonstrate its urgency.Ã First of all, the association of data can be encouraged. For a significant stretch, various organizations have been tested to gather, spare, and keep information from various sources at one spot. It was important to invest a lot of energy investigating each bit of the source picked. Enormous Data assists with separating a specific incentive from information given (Nwokpoku 2015). Individuals, who are engaged with eBusiness, win a ton with Big Data idea because of the current significance by methods for which individuals can consolidate information from programs, web based life, and various records and underline those thoughts that become all the more important.Ã Secondly, Big Data gives businessmen a chance to settle on choices that are progressively educated and information driven. The key highlights of this ide a are changeability, speed, assortment, and worth (Gandomi Haider 2014). They show that each snippet of data is an incredible mix of various solid realities that may address various circles of life and assist individuals with settling on quick and appropriately grounded choices. Such capacity is vital for the universe of eBusiness; in this way, this significance can't be dismissed in the investigation. Thirdly, the personalisation of data gets conceivable with Big Data. In spite of the fact that a few people may imagine that such broad idea with an assortment of sources can barely advance protection or comparable issues, Big Data is made to assist merchants with watching the progressions of usersÃ¢â¬â¢/consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ conduct and cause the important associations with acknowledge what to should be possible more to accomplish progressively productive outcomes. At last, it isn't right to accept that Big Data and eBusiness pertinence is just about some positive angles. All individua ls, who are going to utilize it, ought to recall that Big Data is a mind boggling instrument that can work just for those, who realize how to utilize it, when to stop or alter a course, and how to make the right arrangements. Huge Data, just as eCommerce, is a major universe of data from various locales. It is so difficult to get lost, and individuals ought to be prepared for any challenge.Advertising Looking for report on business financial matters? We should check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More How to deal with Big Data for an organization As Chief Information Officer (CIO), I need to underline that it's anything but a simple errand to deal with Bib Data for any organization. Every supervisor must be prepared to get familiar with a ton and improve individual information continually in light of the fact that most of specialized blunders happen as a result of individuals, who commit errors, not on account of some innovative glitches. I need to underline that Big Data ought to be treated in two distinct manners: from one perspective, it is a showcasing term that include individuals, their requirements, interests, and offers; then again, it is a specialized term since it relies upon advancements and the manner in which they can work.Ã To advantage from Big Data, it is imperative to give more consideration to a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s educational lifecycle process. It isn't sufficient to check the nature of data; it is important to think about the bits of knowledge and reprimand them on an expert level. The organization should have incredible pioneers, who can set the objectives obviously, pick the most capable directors, who can sort out the work with data, and underline the significance of an organization in general on the grounds that Big Data is for a group not for one individual (McAfee Brynjolfsson 2012). Effect of the Internet on PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s 5 Forces Model The circle of eBusiness experiences extensive changes on acco unt of the Internet and peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s passionate longing to utilize it constantly. All things considered, the progressions are not constantly positive. The Internet is one of the most unusual developments on the earth, and it is difficult to figure on the off chance that it is an opportunity or a test. The same number of plans of action and techniques, PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s model experiences certain progressions when the Internet spreads its control over individuals. Despite the fact that Karagiannopoulos, Georgopoulos, and Nikolopoulos (2005) discovered that the Internet didn't advance huge changes, and this conventional model can be utilized for the assessment of business and its eccentricities. PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s model is an amazing endeavor to examine the universe of business with its dangers of participants and substitutes, intensity of purchasers and providers, and contention that has been creating during a significant period (Hax 2009). It assists with comprehension if the organizat ion is gainful enough for rivalries and speculations. The cutting edge universe of business relies upon how its kin can utilize PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s display and pick the most proper approaches to succeed. Simultaneously, the cutting edge eBusiness world has been significantly changed as a result of the Internet and the open doors accessible. Along these lines, the effect of the Internet on the Five Competitive Forces stays to be significant and can't be constrained by those, who know a little about genuine capacities of the Internet.Advertising We will compose a custom report test on Online Business Issues explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More All business understudies are given information about the InternetÃ¢â¬â¢s direct effect on business. Despite the fact that understudies invest a lot of energy learning and breaking down the present chances and mechanical advancement, they can't see how precisely this issue characterizes the nature of all work done. Not all agents are prepared to contrast the conceivable outcomes of the past and the potential outcomes of things to come to settle on the right choice today. PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s model is about the investigation, and if the Internet changes the pieces of the examination, it will change the quintessence of the investigation itself. It isn't right to accept that no emotional changes can happen to the model. It is wrong to accept that the difference in one perspective can prompt the difference in another angle. It might happen that the Internet can impact the haggling intensity of purchasers or substitutes and has nothing to offer to change the dangers of passage. In this way, the examination of each measurement is vital. How the Internet Changes the Game The Internet has enough powers to affect business games present day individuals are so anxious to play step by step and advance financial advantages (Bernard Souza 2009). Regardless of whether individuals would prefer not to concur with the way that th ey are the players that can win or lose one day, all representatives need to utilize their reasoning capacities and opportunities to accomplish more (Werbach Hunter 2012). Each component of PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s model changes on account of the intensity of the Internet to business. The dealing intensity of clients and purchasers might be impressively expanded because of an assortment of data accessible through the Internet. The risk of new contestants and substitute items might be likewise changed, still, it is difficult to anticipate what sort of changes can be. From one perspective, it is simpler to enter another market with the Internet on the grounds that there is no need to open a genuine store or business focus or something different (Morais, Pires, Moreira 2012). It is sufficient to make an enthralling site and cause individuals to find out about their opportunities for the administrations advertised. Then again, individuals can gain admittance to numerous e-business organizations that can offer similar administrations at increasingly sensible costs. Along these lines, the degree of substitutes and capacities of business players can be sensational for one another. The impossible to miss highlight of the Internet is its capacity to make unforeseen results and impact the entire framework in the most erratic manner. Also, if PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s model has been constantly about something that is normal and can be clarified, it can't remain along these lines in light of the Internet open doors for individuals, who create e-business.Advertising Searching for report on business financial aspects? We should check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Find out More The competition accomplishes another stage as a result of the Internet also. Individuals need to think how to spread their administrations and offers all around. It isn't sufficient to accomplish some neighborhood benefits. It is increasingly essential to advise however many individuals as could reasonably be expected to underline the direness and achievement of the picked business. Reference List Bernard, RRS Souza, MP 2009, Ã¢â¬ËDominance in online business games competitionsÃ¢â¬â¢, Developments in Business Simulation and Experiential Learning, 36, pp. 287-294. Gandomi, A Haider, M 2014, Ã¢â¬ËBeyond the publicity: enormous information ideas, strategies, and analyticsÃ¢â¬â¢, International Journal of Information Management, vol. 35, pp. 134-144. Hax, AC 2009, The Delta model: reevaluating your business system, Springer Science Business Media, Cambridge, MA. Jao, J 2014, Ã¢â¬ËWhy enormous information is an unquestionable requirement in ecommerceÃ¢â¬â¢, The Big Data Landsca pe. Web. Karagiannopoulos, G.D., Georgopoulos, N. furthermore, Nikolopoulos, K 2005, Ã¢â¬ËFathoming PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s five powers model in the web eraÃ¢â¬â¢, Info, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 66 Ã¢â¬?
Friday, July 10, 2020
Use the Best Term Papers For Your Unemployed StudentsThe best papers that you can use for your university projects are those that you have prepared from your home or office. You can have plenty of good quality papers printed on your desktop or laptop if you have all the materials ready. These materials include the study guides, homework sheets, and exam schedules. All these should be in one place, which means that you do not have to move them around as many times as is required to bring back results to the university.You should make it a point to keep your term papers in one place for easy access. You can locate them in your desk drawer or under the desk. It is not hard to get these papers if you are organized and know where they are at all times. There are several advantages to having these papers in one place. They can be used as reference in the future as you refer to them from time to time.It is always easier to find your term papers if you have them right there in front of you r ather than going into your desk drawers and to the back of your computer. You may never find what you need but you will find it easier to locate your term papers and study guide. You will be able to return to them when required and use them as you wish.Students and teachers alike love these papers because they are so useful and do not cause any damage to the desk or walls. They are meant to be used as long as possible. They will last for many years and may never need to be replaced.If you are not very organized, keep your term papers in one place and use them to determine which paper goes next. This will allow you to determine which paper is useful and which one is junk. This will also give you the information that you need in order to write the best term papers. By having your papers in one place, you can reuse some paper and recycle the others which will reduce the risk of spreading germs around.Paper is no longer the most expensive thing in the world. When you are purchasing new paper, think about recycling paper. It is definitely much better to recycle your paper and save some money then to have it sitting in a landfill.Start by recycling paper and then you will realize that you have to recycle paper instead of buying more paper. You can start off with a good set of term papers. Then you can look at how you can recycle some other paper.
Thursday, July 2, 2020
ABSTRACT Globally, it is on record that wind energy is fast becoming a growing technology in energy generation. The usual erratic and epileptic power supply in Nigeria is no longer news. This, coupled with the interest in global warming must be a great concern for all and should activate our passion to key into strong demand for wind energy generation. With the attendant advantages of absence of harmful emissions, very clean energy, a great proportion is converted into electricity. Unfortunately, Nigeria where the wind power is estimated to be high or moderate has not connected this Renewable source to the grid. It is not just enough to say that the wind turbines should be connected to the grid because there are sufficient wind speeds to drive the wind turbine, mostly, the stability, reliability and viability studies must be carried out whenever wind power is to be connected to power system to predict severe consequences on the system to which the wind generators will be applied. This paper therefore assesses the viability of wind power sources in Nigeria and specifies the conditions to be met before this renewable energy can be of optimum utilization to all. INTRODUCTION Wind is one of the abundant natural energy resources in Nigeria, an alternative energy source that has not been fully developed and utilized. Considering it as a promising alternative to the current inadequate power generation will go a long way to address the epileptic power supply across the country and also cater for the teeming rural dwellers. Wind energy has been significantly developed in other parts of the world and this has helped to improve their energy status. Most countries who have considered wind energy as a viable means of power generation have found out that wind energy has a decentralized mode of operation that reduces transmission and distribution failure .Apart from this, wind energy is cheap, free, available, friendly to the environment and abundantly available. This is exactly what is obtainable in Nigeria. Wind energy can be used in form of mechanical energy, as wind generator, wind power, wind converter, wind turbine and so on. Wind as a natural phenomenon is essentially related to the movement of air masses resulting from the differential heating of the earth surface. Unfortunately the country has not realized the enormous energy generation available to us in this regard. ASSESMENT OF FAVOURABLE FACTORS FOR WIND ENERGY IN NIGERIA Location on world map In term of location, Nigeria is situated in West Africa and within latitude 4.32?Ã¢â¬âÃ ¦ N and 14?Ã¢â¬âÃ ¦ N and longitude 2.72?Ã¢â¬âÃ ¦ E and 14.64?Ã¢â¬âÃ ¦ E with a total area of 923,768 km2. As of 2014, it has a population of 186.1 million, which made it the most densely populated country in Africa .Nigeria has become Africas largest economy with the 2016 GDP estimated at USD 1.1 trillion. Its economy relies heavily on crude oil and natural gas, with a global ranking of Number 10 and Number 9, respectively, in terms of the proven reserved. Power Sector Nigeria shows a sharp rising trend,from13,463 GWh in 1990 to 30,390 GWh in 2014 .In the 1990s, oil and coal contributed up to 20% of the electricity production, but these sources were phased out, leaving only two major sources; natural gas at 82.4% and the remaining contributed by hydro (see Figure 4) .Table 3 shows the electricity usage in various sectors in Nigeria from 1990-2014,more than half of the electricity generated in Nigeria was consumed in the residential sector, followed by commercial, public service and industrial sector. OUR ENERGY SITUATION AND NECESSITY OF RENEWABLE ENERGY It is an open secret that currently our energy situation is pathetic. This is so because the total installed power capacity is 12.5 GW; 85% gas, 15% hydro only with an average available capacity of 31% .For an estimated population of about 200million people the demand has always outweighs the supply. With an estimated demand of 31GW as at 2015 , the average available capacity was 4GW (less than 35% of installed). The demand is ever increasing and current fossil fuels which have been the mainstream of our economy based generations have suffered greatly due to gas shortages, obsolete equipment, and incessant attacks on pipelines by vandals amongst other identifiable constraints. The effect of global warming and climate change is happening right now desertification of the northern part, drying of the lakes, overflow of some rivers, and encroachment of land by the ocean. Currently, only four existing project were found in the country: a 5.0 kW/h wind power project in Sayya Gida-Gada Sokoto, 0.75 kw/h Danjawa village, 1 kW/h, hybrid wind-solar in NCCE, Benin, and finally a 10 mW wind farm under construction in Katrina state and these are grossly inadequate to cater for the ever increasing population. The demand always outweighs the supply. E.g. with an estimated demand of 31GW as at 2015 the average available capacity was 4GW (less than 35% of installed). GLOBAL TRENDS IN WIND ENERGY DEVELOPMENT AND OPTIMIZATION Wind energy is today one of the fastest growing renewable energy source in the world .This is so partly because wind is among the cheapest renewable sources per unit of electricity produced. Analysis indicates that a network of land-based 2.5MW wind turbines could supply over 40 times current worldwide electricity consumption . Day by day wind energy generation markets are continuously developing globally. In 2009, 82 countries used wind to generate energy, and 49 countries increased their installed capacity . Middle East and Africa also recorded a total of 230MW of newly installed capacity with almost 90% growth rate in Morocco and 170% growth in Tunisia. Although these values are small compared with wind energy producing regions like North America, Europe and Asia, the presence of wind energy in remote locations of the world simply highlights the continued rapid growth in global demand for emissions-free wind power. A careful analysis of countries with high wind energy utilization have even gone a step further to patent their wind energy technology. TYPES OF WIND POWER There are different types of wind power generator but the most common are called windmills, or wind turbines. These have two major distinguishing features that differentiate them from each other. The first and most recognizable is the horizontal axis windmill, which has propeller blades similar to that of an airplane. The other type of wind power generator is the vertical axis wind turbine that is generally used in residential areas and for personal production of power. CURRENT AND FUTURE INSTALLATIONS OF WIND ENERGY POTENTIALS Several investigations have been carried out to assess wind energy potentials across Nigeria in order to identify areas best suited for wind farms. Previous work indicate that there [19, 4] are wind speed variations across Nigeria,[19, 4] and that the variations show [3,] that wind speeds are found to be higher in some parts of northern Nigeria compared to the other part of the country (seeFigure7).Specifically, investigation made by Ojosu and Salawu  reported that Sokoto state in the northern part of Nigeria has thehighestaveragewindspeedofabout5.12m/s annually. It has been suggested by different authors [18, 22] suggested that wind potentials in Nigeria are adequate for wind power integration to the national grid. In addition, the research carried out by the Energy Commission of Nigeria (ECN)shows that it is possible to integrate wind farms at the distribution end of the national grid. Another study was reported by the African Development Bank (ADB) in 2004; to Longitude 2.72?Ã¢â¬âÃ ¦ E and 14.64?Ã¢â¬âÃ ¦ E with a total area of 923,768 km2 evaluate the wind energy potential in 14 selected states in Nigeria. The study concluded that by just considering only1% of land and a capacity factor of 30%, an annual generation more than 50 GWh could be achieved in those states, as demonstrated in Table 5.To date, there are no visible wind powers projects connected to the grid. On top of that, currently in Nigeria, there is no sound and working policy those private institutions can rely on to enhance the sector. Energy Policy in Nigeria Agreeably, there is a power crisis in the country and the frequent experience of scarcity of refined fossil fuels, has prompted the Nigerian government to pay attention to Renewable Energy Technologies (RETs) as alternative sources of generation. In 2015, the National Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Policy (NREEEP) was prepared and approved. In addition, in compliance with the ECOWAS Renewable Energy Policy (EREP), the National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) was approved in the year 2016. The Nigerian government has already developed a policy for wind energy utilization under the National Energy Master Plan. The policy states that the country shall promote its wind power resources for integration into a balanced energy mix. No effort should be spared to harness this power at an affordable cost, especially to rural settlers. Specifically, the policy outlines the following objectives: Promoting research and development in wind energy: The government should embark on high impact energy research and development activities by setting up research institutions relating to wind power technologies. Developing and deploying skilled manpower to ensure local production of wind turbines Intensifying efforts to ensure the acquisition and development of wind maps:the government shall establish more metrological centers for a regular acquisition of data relating to wind speed characteristics. Training skilled local technicians for effective and efficient operation and maintenance of wind energy system. The government shall train experts on installations, utilization and maintenance of energy systems. Providing appropriate incentives for developers and producers of wind power systems: The Government shall provide fiscal incentives, such as suspension of import duty, tax holiday, investment grants, operational grants, etc., to encourage local production of wind energy systems. Developingextensionprogramtospeedupthegeneralapplicationofwindenergytechnology: The government shall conduct public enlightenment through workshops, seminars and lectures. The government shall also design and sponsor any publicity through print and electronic media. Nigeria has already developed RE policy (wind energy inclusive). The ECN through the SERC has been empowered by the Nigerian government to carry out research and development related to wind energy. Several issues hinder the development of wind energy in Nigeria. These include inadequate funding for wind projects; lack of sufficient budget for research; specialized training of technical personnel is required; the current development is insignificant; and the lack of technical knowledge discourages the private sector from investing in new projects . ECONOMIC VIABILITY AND COST PROJECTION OF WIND ENERGY Based on the wind data information from 1951 to 1960 and from twelve meteorological stations, Fagbenle et al., (1980) reported that average wind speed across Nigeria is about 3 m/s .Also, they concluded that speeds of wind are generally higher in the northern part of the country than the southern part with the highest wind speed of about 3.6 m/s recorded in the Jos area. In addition, a third degree polynomial expression for power density (W/m2) formula for Nigeria was developed as a function of average wind speed across these meteorological stations: where P is the power (W), A is the rotor swept area (m2) and U is the average wind speed (m/s). Ojosu and Salawu (1990a) reported wind speed data from 1951-1975 from 22 stations across the country and they concluded that Sokoto area (in northern part) have highest wind speed of about 5.12 m/s in June and annual average of 3.92 m/s. Furthermore, they reported wind speed of about 2 m/s or less in the middle and southern areas. Further study by these authors (1990b) that was b classified wind speeds across Nigeria into four different regimes: 1.0-2.0 m/s (e.g. Oshogbo, Minna and Yola), 2.1- 3.0 m/s (e.g. Lagos, Makurdi and Port Harcourt), 3.1-4.0 m/s (e.g. Enugu, Kano, Maiduguri) and 4.1 m/s (e.g. Jos, Nguru, Sokoto). These wind regimes are shown in Figure1. In general, the findings of Ojosu and Salawu (1990a, b) are similar to that of Fagbenle et al., (1980) used on another set of wind speed data (1968-1983). Therefore in regions with a high average wind speeds, the total costs of wind power generation are significantly less.75-80% of these costs are upfront costs of physical capital and installation . The remaining costs are dispersed over the life of the wind power system and are comprised of operating, maintenance, and insurances costs . Although the wind power generation is financially competitive with grid extension and diesel generators in most regions, the costs are declining. One paper estimates the effects of the experience curve in Nigeria to reduce the costs of windpower between 9% and 17% every time the installed capacity doubles. Cost Projection: larger systems range from 4 to 8 kilowatts with towers up to 100 feet tall. These will generally produce enough electricity to completely satisfy the needs of most homes with average energy efficiency . This may cost between 22000 to 50000 dollars . A 10 kilowatt system may go for 80000 to 120000 dollars . This is a very substantial wind turbine system requiring a 90- to 120-foot tower [6, 16]. CONCLUSION This term paper has succinctly evaluated the viability of wind renewable energy.Several data have established the dependent of wind energy on the average wind speed obtainable in a particular environment where it is to be used. The economic viability of such is solely dependent on the consistency and characteristics of the wind speed as shown in different works and data. In view of the enormous amount of money that has gone than the drain in fixing our power sector with little or nothing to show for it, it is high time to massively deploy the nations attention and resources to wind energy generation as a viable alternative and complementing source of electricity across the country. Erratic supply of electricity in Nigeria and the near non-existence of power supply in the rural centers could be tackled headlong if the government and all stake holders will consider the viability of wind energy. Our population is a pointer for the need to launch out into annexing the gift of nature like other nations of the world to solve the energy problems and improve power generation. For this reason, renewable energy source like wind cannot be neglected and as such, wind turbine technology should be enhanced. The country urgently needs to maximize the energy mix, mixing the available renewable energy with the non-renewable fossil fuel. This can be done by developing capacities and infrastructural facilities for harvesting wind energy for power generation from sites within regions with high wind capacity to drive turbines for electricity generation across the rural areas and throughout the breathe and length of our great country, Nigeria.
Wednesday, May 20, 2020
News sources were able to increase salience on specific cases because they were highly controversial like Brown, Roe, and same-sex marriage cases. However, the media only covers cases that Ã¢â¬Å"rearranged the prior distribution of political influence and benefitsÃ¢â¬ (Flemming, Bohte and Wood 1947 pg. 1247). These characteristics can bring the Supreme CourtÃ¢â¬â¢s voice to the forefront of the media. Periods of stasis can be interpreted by the Supreme Court due to the magnitude of specific cases. I argue that although the Court has the power in affect social change by means of increasing salience, they need to rule on a case that is controversial to be most effective. An increase in salience makes the public more aware of Court decisions. Again, theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦197-201). There was an increase in more gay and lesbian people coming out and being open about their sexuality. This then influenced policies and the overall strength of the same-sex marriage movement (Klarman 2014 pg. 197). This led to more anti-discrimination policies based on sexual orientation. Additionally, there were economic pressures that made states conform to the norm of gay marriage. States lose revenue when they do not allow gay and lesbian people to marry because they have to travel out of their home state. The acceptance of same-sex marriage can be attributed to the economic and social incentives to conform to the norm. Feelings towards gay and lesbian people shifted to produce more support for same-sex marriage and anti-discrimination policies based on sexual orientation. This contributed to the increase in support for gay rights overall (Brewer 2003 pg. 1217). However, the same transformation of societal norms did not occur after Roe. This is due to the nature of the issue. Roe is still a living issue, with its implications still discussed today, whereas Brown is no longer alive in politics (Roosevelt 2006 pg. 115). Additionally, there is a clear right and wrong s ide for same-sex marriage and racial equality. There is a clear violation of rights present in Brown and same-sex marriage cases. After Brown v. Board and Baehr v. Lewin, one sideShow MoreRelatedStakeholder Salience Essay1265 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesStakeholder Salience Grand Canyon University ORG 807: Stakeholders in Organizations Ron McCullough October 16, 2013 As the push for globalization has demanded coalitions between countries, government organizations, and political party systems, there has been a great impact on the power and legitimacy of each organization that plays a part in this process. 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